A Few Notes on the Structure of Philippine Employment

Workers in agriculture have shifted to the service sectors
 
1.  The (per cent) share of employment in agriculture, fisheries and forestry has been declining.
 
1987 (July) – 47.8
1998 (July) – 38.2
2001 (July) – 37.5
2004 (July) – 36.2
2008 (July) – 35.5
 
2.  The service sector has apparently received the loss in employment in agriculture.

 (in percent)
1987 (July) – 37.6
1998 (July) – 44.9
2001 (July) – 46.7
2004 (July) – 48.2
2008 (July) – 50.2
 
In July 2008, job-seekers have found work in
 
•         Wholesale and retail trade, repair shops   – 38 percent of total services employment
•         Transport, storage and communication – 14.5 percent
•         Private households with employed persons – 11 percent
•         Public administration and defense, compulsory social security – 10 percent
 
and, in terms of job quality,
 
•         Wholesale and retail trade, repair shops   – 68 percent (about 2 out of 3) are self-employed or unpaid family worker and worked an average of 51 hours a week
•         Transport, storage and communication – 44 percent (over 2 out of 5) are self-employed or unpaid family worker and worked an average of 50 hours a week
•         Private households with employed persons – all were salaried or wage workers and worked an average of 54 hours a week
•         Public administration and defense, compulsory social security – all were salaried or wage (roadside?) workers and worked an average of 39 hours a week
 
3. The (percent) share of employment in the industry sectors (mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas and water; and construction) has gone up and slid back to its level 20 years ago.
 
1987 (July) – 14.6
1998 (July) – 16.9
2001 (July) – 16.05
2004 (July) – 15.6
2008 (July) – 14.8
 
•         In manufacturing, the share (to total employment) has been on the way down.
 
2001 (July) – 10.0
2004 (July) – 9.7
2008 (July) – 8.5
 
•         The share of construction (to total employment) has been constant.
 
2001 (July) – 5.3
2004 (July) – 5.2
2008 (July) – 5.4

Source of data:  various Labor force Surveys conducted by the National Statistics Office

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